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Authors: Shaha, Chandrima
Kumar, Ashish
Title: SESN2 facilitates mitophagy by helping Parkin translocation through ULK1 mediated Beclin1 phosphorylation
Publisher: Springer Nature
Publication Date: Jan-2018
Abstract: Mitophagy, the selective degradation of mitochondria by autophagy, is crucial for the maintenance of healthy mitochondrial pool in cells. The critical event in mitophagy is the translocation of cytosolic Parkin, a ubiquitin ligase, to the surface of defective mitochondria. This study elucidates a novel role of SESN2/Sestrin2, a stress inducible protein, in mitochondrial translocation of PARK2/Parkin during mitophagy. The data demonstrates that SESN2 downregulation inhibits BECN1/Beclin1 and Parkin interaction, thereby preventing optimum mitochondrial accumulation of Parkin. SESN2 interacts with ULK1 (unc-51 like kinase 1) and assists ULK1 mediated phosphorylation of Beclin1 at serine-14 position required for binding with Parkin prior to mitochondrial translocation. The trigger for SESN2 activation and regulation of Parkin translocation is the generation of mitochondrial superoxide. Scavenging of mitochondrial superoxide lower the levels of SESN2, resulting in retardation of Parkin translocation. Importantly, we observe that SESN2 mediated cytosolic interaction of Parkin and Beclin1 is PINK1 independent but mitochondrial translocation of Parkin is PINK1 dependent. Together, these findings suggest the role of SESN2 as a positive regulator of Parkin mediated mitophagy.
Appears in Collections:Cell Death Differential Research, Publications

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