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Authors: Gupta, Satish Kumar
Joonè, CJ
Bertschinger, HJ
Fosgate, GT
Arukha, AP
Minhas, V
Dieterman, E
Schulman, ML
Title: Ovarian function and pregnancy outcome in pony mares following immunocontraception with native and recombinant porcine zona pellucida vaccines
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
Publication Date: Mar-2017
Abstract: REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Few studies have investigated ovarian function in the mare undergoing porcine zona pellucida (pZP) immunocontraception despite reported ovarian dysfunction in other species. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe ovarian function and oestrous cyclicity in pony mares following treatment with either the conventional pZP vaccine or a novel recombinant form of the vaccine derived from porcine ZP3 and ZP4 (reZP). In addition, the contraceptive efficacy of pZP vs. reZP was assessed. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded, randomised, prospective clinical trial. METHODS: Mares (n = 21) were randomised into 3 groups of 7: Group I received the pZP vaccine, with a booster 5 weeks later; Group II received the reZP vaccine, with a booster 5 weeks later; and Group III (controls) received 2 treatments, 5 weeks apart, of saline and adjuvant alone. Mares underwent weekly monitoring via transrectal palpation and ultrasound examination of the reproductive tract, with daily monitoring during oestrus. Data were collected over a 24 week period coinciding with the physiological breeding season; treatments commenced in Week 4. Serum samples were obtained for antibody titres and ovarian steroid level analyses at 7 day intervals. Cycling mares were bred via fresh semen artificial inseminations over a maximum of 2 consecutive oestrous cycles, commencing 5 weeks post booster vaccination. RESULTS: Control mares cycled throughout the trial. After treatment, 6 of 7 pZP mares (86%) and one reZP mare (14%) had an extended anoestrus that correlated with basal serum oestradiol and progesterone levels. All mares resumed cyclicity by 10 months post treatment. Pregnancies were diagnosed in all controls, 4 reZP- (57%) and none of the pZP-immunised mares. CONCLUSIONS: The current study demonstrates the reversible suppression of ovarian function in pony mares following treatment with pZP. The effect of the reZP vaccine on pregnancy outcome requires further investigation.
Issue No: 2
Appears in Collections:Reproductive Cell Biology, Publications

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