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Authors: Panda, Amulya K
Tariq, Mohammad
Alam, Md Aftab
Singh, Anu T
Talegaonkar, Sushama
Title: Improved oral efficacy of epirubicin through polymeric nanoparticles: pharmacodynamic and toxicological investigations
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication Date: Oct-2016
Abstract: Epirubicin (EPI) elicits poor-oral bioavailability hence commercially available as injection for intravenous administration which follows a rapid increase and fast decay in plasma drug concentration often needs a frequent dosing that may lead to serious side effects. Aim of the present study is to develop a nanoparticulate system which could deliver epirubicin effectively via oral administration and could eventually promote new concept "chemotherapy at home." In this perspective, epirubicin loaded Poly-lactide-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles (EPI-NPs) were developed by double emulsion evaporation techniques and evaluated for its safety and efficacy against Ehrlich's Ascites (EAT) induced tumor in balb/c mice. In vivo fate of nanoparticles after oral administration in Albino wistar rats was also studied. EPI-NPs showed marked reduction in tumor size ∼40% while tumor size was increased 3.55 and 3.28 folds in control as well as in group treated orally with free epirubicin solution (EPI-S), respectively. Furthermore, toxicological evaluation demonstrated insignificant difference in levels of biomarkers including MDA, CAT, SOD, LDH, CK-MB, AST and ALT when EPI-NPs-oral treatment was compared with control group while levels of these biomarkers were found extremely significant in group treated with EPI-S (i.v). and demonstrated increment in LDH (p < 0.001), CK-MB (p < 0.001), AST (p < 0.001), ALT (p < 0.001) and MDA levels (p < 0.001) and reduction in SOD (p < 0.001) and CAT levels (p < 0.001) thus confirmed better safety profile of EPI-NPs oral than EPI-S i.v. Biodistribution study demonstrated the presence of NPs in different body organs and blood which suggests probability of NPs translocation across intestine thus at the tumor site.
Issue No: 8
Appears in Collections:Product Development Cell Unit- II, Publications

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