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|Title:||Bone morphogenetic protein-5, a key molecule that mediates differentiation in MC3T3E1 osteoblast cell line|
|Abstract:||Bone morphogenetic protein-5 (BMP-5) is a member of the TGF receptor-b family with osteoinductive property. However, its physiological role in osteoblast differentiation is not defined. This study highlights the importance of BMP-5 in MC3T3E1 osteoblast differentiation. Pre-osteoblasts exposed to osteogenic media (ascorbic acid, 50 mg/ml and b-glycerophosphate, 10 mM) showed high protein expression of BMP-5 in cell lysates and cell culture supernatants, which peaked during early time-points of differentiation and declined with onset fmineralization. Attenuation of endogenous BMP-5 protein expression by RNA interference downregulated the expression of type I collagen (COLIA1), an early osteoblast differentiation marker but not osteocalcin, a late osteoblast differentiation marker. Further experiments to analyze the cell signaling components revealed that MP-5 modulates COLIA1 expression via p38-Runx2 axis involving Runx2 (Ser19) phosphorylation. These effects were also observed when recombinant BMP-5 was added to pre-osteoblast cultures reinforcing the fact that BMP-5 is a modulator of COLIA1 expression.We conclude that BMP-5 has stage-specific role to play during MC3T3E1 osteoblast differentiation in part by autocrine p38/ Runx2/COLIA1 signaling|
|Appears in Collections:||Molecular Sciences, Publications|
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